The regulatory framework for managing allergens is designed to protect individuals with allergies and to ensure that they are able to make informed decisions about the foods and products they consume.
In the United States, the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) requires that food manufacturers clearly label products that contain any of the eight major allergens: peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, wheat, and soy. These allergens must be listed in plain language on the ingredient list or in a “Contains” statement on the food label. This law applies to all packaged foods regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and helps individuals with allergies to identify and avoid potential allergens.
In addition to FALCPA, the FDA has issued guidance on allergen management for food manufacturers to help them reduce the risk of allergen cross-contamination during the production process. This guidance recommends that manufacturers have a written allergen control plan in place, clean and sanitize equipment and facilities regularly, and properly label and store allergen-containing products.
In the European Union, the allergen labeling requirements are similar to those in the United States. The EU requires that food manufacturers clearly label the presence of any of the 14 major allergens: peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, wheat, soy, celery, mustard, sesame, lupin, mollusks, and crustaceans. The EU also requires that food service establishments (such as restaurants and cafes) provide information about allergens in the foods they serve.
Overall, the regulatory framework for managing allergens is designed to protect individuals with allergies and to ensure that they have the information they need to make informed decisions about the foods and products they consume. This framework helps to reduce the risk of allergic reactions and can help individuals with allergies to manage their condition more effectively.
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